The dreyfus affair essay

This lead to the prompt passing of a secularist bill inseparating Church and state. Within the anti-republic faction, various political movements were present; although they believed in the same main idea, these movements disliked each other, competed against each other and were not united.

Dreyfus affair

Overall the Dreyfus affair helped the republic reassert her power over the army and parties who wanted to topple the democracy. This general disinterest in The dreyfus affair essay countryside lead to the development of a differing political method than in urban France, where politics were based on leagues, mass movements, and mass culture.

Unfortunately for Cavaignac, one of the documents was found to be a forgery, and on August 30th, colonel Henry, the perpetrator of the forgery, was arrested.

Esterhazy was unanimously acquitted after only two days, and the cause of the Dreyfusards was delivered a severe blow. Consequently they had no reason to demand a referendum as they had been on the corrupt side of the affair; the pro-republic movement had won through righteous means and struggled for the protection of truth.

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The day after the government had mentioned that a Jewish officer was suspected of treason, outbursts of anti-Semitism eventuated. This collaboration was the revenge of the nationalist right-wing elements that had failed to overthrow the government. The conviction of Jewish Artillery officer, Alfred Dreyfus raised many questions regarding the power of the French War Office, and called to attention the corruption within the French legal system.

In August an important document implicating Dreyfus was found to be a forgery. Although the trial did promote The dreyfus affair essay, it was promoted on a factional level and small-scale.

This outburst was due to discontent triggered by various social and economical changes decreed by the government in the final quarter of the 19th century. Thankfully the anti-Dreyfusard movement failed, it lost the second trial and the intellectuals of the Dreyfusard movements were able to prove that all evidence held against Dreyfus was falsified.

Since the debuts of 19th century politics and multiple-party states, the media has always been present as a means of communication and persuasion. The Affair teaches that on smaller scales, nationalism causes conflict.

Contrary to the anti-republican faction, the pro-republican movements were more united, although an inconsequential rivalry was felt, they shared many of the same political beliefs alongside their appreciation of democracy and the republic.

Even today, it is possible to perceive how the Dreyfus Affair acted upon politics in the later parts of the 20th century. Both sides were passionate about this affair and on every social class of society started a brutal political battle, where powerful men chose their sides and the media became a lethal arm, France was utterly mobilized.

For the first time the press disposed of a powerful influence on French politics; dramatising, supporting, or denouncing the authorities. In it he attacked the army for covering up its mistaken conviction of Dreyfus, an action for which Zola was found guilty of libel.

While these factions of the anti-republican movement did not necessarily have the same ideologies they all held bitter sentiments of the military defeat of against the Prussians and aspired in the abolition the republic to restore a monarchy.

This would have been a massive victory for the anti-republic movement, as it would have falsely showed the public that they had been struggling for the righteous cause.

The Dreyfus Affair

The defense was offered no testimony, no cross-examination, and faced a jury of minor officers trained to believe that the word of the Minister of War was absolute. Despite its importance, a large majority of France, especially those who lived in rural areas, remained apathetic toward the trial.

From to the Dreyfusard cause gained in strength. With hindsight we can deduce that the press played a crucial role throughout the affair.

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The Media and the Affair Throughout the affair, the media was used and exploited by various groups that attempted to turn public opinion to their favour.

Emile Zola The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal, which polarized French society on a number of levels.

The impacts of the Dreyfus affair upon French politics during the years were numerous. A change of government in June appointed Godefroy Cavaignac, a staunch anti-revisionist, as the Minister of War. These feelings incited the citizens in searching for a reason their lives had suddenly become so difficult, they felt that someone or a group of people were behind their misery.

The Affair exposed corruption within both the military and the Church, calling attention to the flaws in the military hierarchy when dealing with internal Affairs.

Now, with this background information we can analyse the various affects the affair had upon French politics, but first we must trace back to the causes of the affair, anti-Semitism in France, post As the factions of the anti-Dreyfusard movement understood the significance the affair could have upon the future of the republic, they united their forces and started to criticize the government through the media in order to turn as much public opinion as possible against it.

As Dreyfus wrote the letter he shivered and the three men scrutinizing his every move, noticed his trembling, thus deeming it as a sign of culpability. But to the Dreyfusards surprise, instead of releasing Dreyfus, the court found him guilt once more and sentenced him to ten years of prison after having withdrawn his life sentence.

The accusations against Esterhazy resulted in a court-martial that acquitted him of treason January The War Office wished to avoid a retrial, believing that acknowledging the innocence of Dreyfus would cause their own collapse under public contempt.Ah!

Dreyfus Affair Research Paper

this first affair is a nightmare for those who know its true details! Commander Du Paty de Clam arrests Dreyfus, in secret. He turns to Mrs. Dreyfus, terrorizes her, says to her that, if. Dreyfus Affair Essay In Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army, was accused of giving military secrets to the Germans.

Although he steadfastly maintained his innocence, Dreyfus was tried and found guilty in a trial that was heavily influenced by widespread anti-Semitism within the upper echelons of French society and the military.

Dreyfus affair, political crisis, beginning in and continuing throughin France during the Third Republic. The controversy centred on the question of the guilt or innocence of army captain Alfred Dreyfus, who had been convicted of treason for allegedly selling military secrets to the Germans in December The Dreyfus Affair began in with the unjust conviction of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Artillery Officer, for the crime of treason.

The Affair was to last 12 years, and some historians would argue that it split the country in two.[1] The case of Dreyfus was to create such intense public opinion. The Dreyfus Affair Essay; The Dreyfus Affair Essay.

Words Apr 23rd, 4 Pages. Show More. Since this presentation should be related to the specific part of the journalism, the newspaper journalism, I decided that it would be suitable to present a story, showing how the journalism can change, manipulate and have serious impact on the.

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