Programs that aim to redirect high-risk youth toward conventional activities involve recreational, enrichment, and leisure activities, including the popular Midnight Basketball program. Behavioral techniques for classroom management are a general strategy for changing the classroom environment.
The following five Promising youth violence prevention programs include parent-training components. Participation in this program has been shown to reduce substance use and delinquency while improving academic achievement and school dropout rates.
While some residential programs appear to have positive effects on youths as long as they remain in the institutional setting, research demonstrates consistently that these effects diminish once young people leave.
While the evidence is not yet strong enough to classify the Boys and Girls Clubs and the Big Brothers Big Sisters of America programs as Model or Promising, it is strong enough to conclude that the general strategy of these and similar programs is effective at reducing youth violence and violence-related outcomes.
These include gun buyback programs, firearm training, and mandatory gun ownership. This program has been shown to have greater deterrent effects on referrals to juvenile court than standard protective supervision does.
Overall, evidence on the effects of the traditional DARE curriculum, which is implemented in grades 5 and 6, shows that children who participate are as likely to use drugs as those who do not participate.
The second major conclusion is that there is enormous variability in the effectiveness of different types of programs for seriously delinquent youth. The goal for youth violence prevention is simple—to stop youth violence from happening in the first place.
Prenatal and Infancy Home Visitation by Nurses has a number of long-term, positive effects on youth violence and related outcomes, including fewer arrests and less alcohol use by youths at age 15 and lower rates of child abuse and neglect, compared to controls. FFT is a multistep, phasic intervention that includes 8 to 30 hours of direct services for youths and their families, depending upon individual needs.
Moreover, when older students tutor younger students, both groups show academic gains. While this approach shows some positive effects when individual responsibility is stressed, the more common strategy of group decision making has shown no positive effect on recidivism after release.
Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers LIFTanother Promising program, also combines school-based skills training for children with parent training.
DARE developers have added social skills training sessions to the core curriculum and have developed a modified version of the curriculum that can be used in older student populations.
The parent-training component focuses mainly on parent competence and school involvement; the teacher-training component targets classroom behavior management; and the child-training component includes sessions on social skills, empathy, anger management, and conflict resolution.
The Bullying Prevention Program targets students in elementary, middle, and junior high school. Some are designed to change individual risk factors, others target environmental risk factors, and a few are designed to change both. Two community-based strategies for preventing youth violence, redirecting youth behavior and shifting peer group norms, have also shown a lack of effect in reducing youth violence.
Effects on violence and delinquency have not been measured. The Montreal Longitudinal Study, sometimes called the Preventive Treatment Program, is a 2-year intervention aimed at preventing delinquency among 7- to 9-year-old boys from low-income families who have been identified as disruptive.
The intervention includes behavior monitoring and reinforcement in the classroom as well as enhanced communication through regular classroom meetings and reports to parents between teachers, students, and parents regarding behavior and attendance at school.
Another comprehensive Promising intervention, The Incredible Years Series, is a series of curricula for parents, teachers, and children aimed at promoting social competence and preventing, reducing, and treating conduct problems in at-risk children age 3 to 8. Youths who participate in this program also receive behavior management and skill-focused therapy and a community liaison who coordinates contacts among case managers and others involved with the youths.
Several family-based strategies and programs are included in the discussion below. Numerous studies of Scared Straight have demonstrated that the program does not deter future criminal activities.Promoting Healthy, Nonviolent Children.
This chapter identifies a set of standards based on scientific consensus and applies those standards to the literature on youth violence prevention in order to identify with confidence general strategies and programs that work, that are promising, or that do not work to prevent youth violence.
May 09, · Included are youth facts, funding information, and tools to help you assess community assets, generate maps of local and federal resources, search for evidence-based youth programs, and keep up-to-date on the latest, youth-related news.
The work of preventing violence against women is daunting yet the Ecological Model can provide a or one group (e.g., policy makers, battered women, youth, etc) A rights-based approach to.
Use and promote youth violence prevention strategies that are based on evidence to benefit the entire community.
Support local action by joining or starting a youth violence prevention coalition that works across groups and sectors. Youth violence is a serious problem that can have lasting harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities. The goal for youth violence prevention is simple—to stop youth violence from happening in the first place.
Strengths-Based Approaches to Reduce Youth Gang Violence Gang shootings in BC over the last decade have provoked much fear and also concern over the involvement of youth in gang related violence.Download