The Classical Liberals, therefore, perceive the State as suspect, for it possesses power and power corrupts. Moreover, reflections on concepts such as law, authority, rights and obligations imply the existence of some form of a State and are hence meshed into it.
In his two noted works De due and Leviathan he made certain statements and comments which lay the foundation of liberal thought or about the liberal state.
Legitimacy is also an important part of the liberal state, and this term started to be used in India especially during the emergency. All the former communist states shifted their allegiance to liberalism and the state structure was remodelled in the line of liberal state.
According to Articles 43A, which has been added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment, the State will endeavor, either by appropriate legislation or by certain other methods that the workers and laborers participate in the management of business connected with industries or other institutions.
They protested against the growth of science of the cost of the inner growth of man which translates means into ends. Each chapter written by an expert in its respective literature.
As summarized by Kirkpatrick, the main characteristic Liberal nature of indian state essay behavioral approach is as follows: It is a peculiar way of applying one or any combination of the above type to a research problem. According to Article 45, the State shall endeavor to provide, within a period of ten years, free and compulsory education for all children below the age of 14 years.
India is a parliamentary democratic republic. According to Article 41 of Indian Constitution, the State will, working within the limits of its economic viability and progress, provide to the citizens the right to work, the right to education and general assistance in the event of unemployment, old age, disease and other disabilities.
Under normal and peaceful conditions liberal state does not normally intend to impose restrictions upon their activities. The mechanisms for regulating individuals, and pursuit of their respective interests were to be the Constitutional State, along with private property, the competitive market economy and the family which was distinctly patriarchal.
People will revolt if authority fails to act in accordance with, the terms of contract. They paid less wages to the workers and the latter were forced to accept the terms and conditions set by the capitalists. Hayek and Nozick who rejected centralplanning and collectivism as leading to totalitarianismand pleaded for a return tofree market and spontaneous social order.
In a non-liberal state such a situation is unimaginable. The liberal state must enact law for the better management and greater common good of society. Rousseau, for instance, came out with an idea of social contract which creates the possibility of self-regulation or self-government.
There is another way and this is called coercive method. Yet, in that time, the very nature of human society has undergone monumental transformations, and states have been at the center of each change. General and International Principles. While performing its duties the liberal state must see that the spontaneity of the individuals gets encouragement, morality is enhanced, rights and liberties are protected, and freedom of the society remains untouched.
With this end in view a planning commission was set up in Most of them are inter-related.
Dube, Indian village ; T. These are a comprehensiveness b interdependence c existence of boundaries. The structure of an administration is an important determinant of its capabilities art the lower runs of the bureaucracy; formalism has served to stifle bureaucratic initiative and imagination.
Sometimes, they are more of ex-post facto theorizing and trying to comprehend the actual structures that have arisen; while, at other points it is the theory in itself which has given rise to the development of specific institutions. Themes in International Relations.
Statehood not only represents a set of institutions but also a body of attitudes, practices and codes of behaviour. Their approach to politics and political problems was rooted in moral values.
Thus, democratic government is required to protect citizens from despotic use of political power. In a true liberal state there are multiple parties, groups and organisations and the government guarantee their free movement.
In authoritarian regimes the state-sponsored ideology dominates over all other ideologies. Other political thinkers N.
Most liberals, and all the classical liberals, acknowledge that the liberal state may have a range of service functions, going beyond rights. It may, however, be added at this stage that in the field of comparative politics most of the related themes, as briefly defined above have become synonymous for the sake of presenting an empirical study of politics.
He also emphasised that cooperation, toleration and mutual advantage are the keys tostability of a well-ordered society. This finally indicates a competition among them.
The concept power is very important in political science and to study the shaping and sharing of power.Liberal Nature of Indian State. Filed Under: Essays Tagged With: india, Thus, Indian state is characterized as a liberal democratic model which provides for separation of powers and fundamental rights to the people.
Moreover India is a representative form of government, where elections are held on the basis of universal adult franchise. Liberal Nature of Indian State Essay DISCUSS THE NATURE OF THE INDIAN STATE ACCORDING TO LIBERAL PERSPECTIVE.
The state is being perceived as an "organised structural and institutional whole" epitomizing the power relations of society. the nature of the State. Broadly speaking the two dominant approaches regarding the Indian state are Liberal and Marxist.
But the new state oriental literature alleges that Liberal and Marxist frame works inadequate for state studies because they tend to reduce politics to so~ietal variables. In general, both. approaches to the study of indian politics and nature of state in india: liberal, marxist and gandhian Approaches to Study of Indian Politics Politics is.
To study the nature of any particular state, it is necessary to analyse to relation between state, power, and social classes and the purpose of the state. The liberal democratic form stands on the foundation of democracy.
In this essay we will discuss about the directive principles of state policy according to Indian constitution. Essay # 1. Introduction to Directive Principles of State Policy: Directive principles are the prominent and unique characteristic of Indian constitution influenced by the Irish Constitution of ; the Constitutional fathers of the Indian Constitution .Download