An analysis of northern states

Hate crime criteria vary widely by state, making analysis of such offenses difficult

These states should restore those cuts and others should build on recent efforts to fix outmoded rules that bar many workers from accessing benefits. By the s they were more than 4 times as much in all 11 states.

In this analysis, changes in income inequality are determined by calculating the income gap — i. Middle-income households also lost ground compared to those at the top. Similarly, income gaps between high- and middle-income households remain large. In all 50 states plus the District of Columbia, the income gap between the average middle-income household and the average household in the richest fifth widened significantly over this period.

The wages of the very highest-paid employees, in contrast, have grown significantly. On average, incomes grew by just 1. So great is the power of the TCOs that Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras are losing the ability to tackle their security problems in ways that strengthen the rule of law or the democratic process.

States fall into one of two categories: Incomes grew even faster — 14 percent — among the top 5 percent of households. There are many ways a state can make its tax system more progressive. Regardless of the level of cooptation of Northern Triangle governments and security forces, the recommendation that the United States changes its aid paradigm is sensible.

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There are small signs that all three Northern Triangle governments are making efforts to combat the wave of transnational crime, establish state legitimacy and reduce violence. As a result, our results show somewhat less inequality than would be the case were we to include realized capital gains.

Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article. In no state did the bottom fifth grow significantly faster than the top fifth.

Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends

In contrast with the transport groups that existed in the Northern Triangle prior to the infiltration of Mexican criminal groups, the TCOs work to control territory, which they use to set up power bases and front businesses, including private security firms.

The average income of the top 5 percent pulled away from those in the middle as well. While Guatemala and El Salvador also face serious problems with corruption, the problem appears to be slightly less acute than in Honduras. As of the late sthe most recent data available at the time of this analysis: Government actions — and, in some cases, inaction — have contributed to the increase in wage and income inequality in most states.

In the late s, in contrast, no state had a top-to-bottom ratio exceeding 8. Government policies such as the failure to maintain the real value of the minimum wage and to adequately fund supports for low-wage workers as well as changes to the tax code that favored the wealthy have also contributed to growing wage inequality.

Are Northern Triangle Countries ‘Narco-States’?

As state revenues slowly recover from the recent recession, some states are cutting taxes. His key points include: Later in the decade, when many states cut taxes in response to the strong economy, nearly all made the majority of the cuts in their income taxes rather than sales and excise taxes.

Growth in wage inequality. Only in the later part of the s did this picture improve modestly, as persistent low unemployment, an increase in the minimum wage, and rapid productivity growth fueled real wage gains at the bottom and middle of the income scale. Most of them were in Northern states such as Michigan, Washington, and New York, while the region with the fewest incidents were in the Deep South.As of the late s (, the most recent data available at the time of this analysis): In the United States as a whole, the poorest fifth of households had an average income of $20, while the top fifth had an average income of $, — eight times as much.

Albrecht Dürer: ICCDAThe 2nd International Conference on Compute and Data Analysis, will take place in Northern Illinois University (NIU) DeKalb, USA from. May 24,  · Tens of thousands of hate crimes have occurred across the United States since the start of the decade with the vast majority occurring in the northern half of.

In Farah’s view, this has the potential to turn the Northern Triangle countries into criminal, rather than simply weak, states. His key points include: 1.

Real power now rests with the TCOs and their allies. An analysis of more recent court cases for the Northern Forest states.

The inclusive dates of this analysis vary by states because the. average in all northern states and UTs except Himachal Pradesh and Punjab where the growth has been per cent and per cent per annum respectively against the national growth of per cent per annum in the last decade.

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An analysis of northern states
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